Michael Sparrow – Ainulindalë: The Music of the Gods – Wrapping Up

“In the midst of this strife, whereat the halls of Ilúvatar shook and a tremor ran out into the silences yet unmoved, Ilúvatar arose…and his face was terrible to behold. Then he raised up both his hands, and in one chord, deeper than the Abyss, higher than the Firmament, piercing as the light of the […]

Michael Sparrow – Ainulindalë: The Music of the Gods – Blog Post 3

Figure 1: Peace Theme

“Now Ilúvatar sat and hearkened, and for a great while it seemed good to him, for in the music there were no flaws. But as the theme progressed, it came into the heart of Melkor to interweave matters of his own imagining that were not in accord with the theme of Ilúvatar; for he sought […]

The Northumbrian Frontier: Using Old Sources in Modern Research

charter of athelstan cropped

Applying primary sources is one of the central tasks, and one of the most necessary skills, for the right conduct of historical research. On the face of it, the task may seem easy enough for Anglo-Saxon England. Every source that I would need to consult has already appeared in a high-quality, modern English translation. The […]