Update 5: Everything is politicized, or thought to be: China under missionaries’ observations, 1948-1950

In this update, I want to explore one question which created enormous uneasiness for anyone who are trying to understand Communist China in its earlier years: Is it a totalitarian state abducted by revolutionary fever? For Americans at that time—most of the common people, scholars, journalists and politicians—the answer was Yes. The U.S. was imagining […]

Update 4: Missionaries’s experiences under Communist authority: the chasm between two thought patterns which fueled hostilities, 1949-1950

Generally, the Chinese Communists took a more lenient attitude to religion and to foreign missionaries after religious freedom was announced as a general rule in the spring of 1948. This relative benevolence compared to the earlier radical religious policies in North China, however, did not ease missionaries’ tensioned vacillation between hopes and fears, and appreciations […]

Update 3: the reasons for American Protestant Missionaries’ to stay in China: a seedbed for later fears and suspicions?

In the past days I have read American Protestant missionaries’ letters and reports, mostly from mid 1947 to late 1948, about their decisions to leave or stay in China and their comments on Communism in China. It is necessary to look at why missionaries decided to stay when the American Embassy had constantly warned since […]