Update 5: Everything is politicized, or thought to be: China under missionaries’ observations, 1948-1950

In this update, I want to explore one question which created enormous uneasiness for anyone who are trying to understand Communist China in its earlier years: Is it a totalitarian state abducted by revolutionary fever? For Americans at that time—most of the common people, scholars, journalists and politicians—the answer was Yes. The U.S. was imagining […]

Update 3: the reasons for American Protestant Missionaries’ to stay in China: a seedbed for later fears and suspicions?

In the past days I have read American Protestant missionaries’ letters and reports, mostly from mid 1947 to late 1948, about their decisions to leave or stay in China and their comments on Communism in China. It is necessary to look at why missionaries decided to stay when the American Embassy had constantly warned since […]

Update 2: Facts, Rumors, Suspicious Appreciation and Fearful Hopes: Make Sense of History

In the past week, I read more historical materials from various mission boards stored at Yale Divinity School Libraries. I mainly examined how American Protestant missionaries perceived the political and social conditions in China, and how they contributed to American images of China from 1945 to 1949. As I wrote in my last update that  […]